The list of bats in Japan

To date, 37 species of bats have been recorded which make them the largest group among terrestrial mammals in Japan followed by rodents. Some species have only recorded few times and many species are endangered.
Family Scientific name Common name  
Pteropodidae Pteropus dasymallus Temminck, 1825 Ryukyu flying fox inhabits the area from Kuchinoerabu-jima to the Yayeyama Islands 
Pteropus loochoensis Gray, 1870 Okinawa flying fox extinct
Pteropus pselaphon Lay, 1829 Bonin flying fox endemic to Japan inhabits the Ogasawara Islands, endemic to Japan 
Rhinolophidae Rhinolophus ferrumequinum Schreber, 1774 greater horseshoe bat inhabits the area from Hokkaido to Kyushu
Rhinolophus cornutus Temminck, 1834 Japanese little horseshoe bat endemic to Japan inhabits the area from Hokkaido to Okinoerabu-jima
Rhinolophus pumilus Andersen, 1905 Okinawa little horseshoe bat endemic to Japan inhabits the area from Okinawa-jima to Miyako-jima
Rhinolophus perditus Andersen, 1918 Yaeyama little horseshoe bat endemic to Japan inhabits the Yayeyama Islands
Hipposideridae Hipposideros turpis Bangs, 1901 lesser leaf-nosed bat endemic to Japan inhabits the Yayeyama Islands
Vespertilionidae Eptesicus japonensis Imaizumi, 1953 Japanese northern bat endemic to Japan inhabits Honshu
Eptesicus nilssonii Keyserling & Blasius, 1839 northern bat inhabits Hokkaido 
Nyctalus aviator Thomas, 1911 birdlike noctule inhabits the area from Hokkaido to Kyushu, abundant in southern Hokkaido and northern and central Honshu. There were also records in Okinawa. 
Nyctalus furvus Imaizumi & Yoshiyuki, 1968 Japanese noctule endemic to Japan was reported from Aomori, Iwate, Fukushima, Tochigi and Nagano
Pipistrellus abramus Temminck, 1840 Japanese pipistrelle inhabits the area from Hokkaido to the Yayeyama Islands
Pipistrellus endoi Imaizumi, 1959 Endo's pipistrelle endemic to Japan inhabits Honshu and Shikoku
Pipistrellus sturdeei Thomas, 1915 Sturdee's pipistrelle extinct
Barbastella darjelingensis Hodgson, 1855 eastern barbastelle formerly known as B. leucomelas inhabits the area from Hokkaido, Honshu, and Shikoku
Plecotus sacrimontis G. M. Allen, 1908 Japanese long-eared bat endemic to Japan inhabits the area from Hokkaido to Kyushu
Hypsugo alaschanicus Bobrinskii, 1926 Alashanian pipistrelle has been recorded in Hokkaido, Aomori, and Tsushima
Vespertilio murinus Linnaeus, 1758 parti-colored bat inhabits Hokkaido and Aomori
Vespertilio sinensis Peters, 1880 Asian parti-colored bat inhabits the area from Hokkaido to Kyushu.
Myotis bombinus Thomas, 1906 Far Eastern Myotis formerly known as M. nattereri inhabits the area from Honshu to Kyushu
Myotis gracilis Ognev, 1927 Ussuri whiskered bat inhabits Hokkaido
  Myotis frater Allen, 1923  fraternal Myotis   inhabits Hokkaido and northern part of Honshu
Myotis ikonnikovi Ognev 1912 Ikonnikov's Myotis inhabits the area from Hokkaido to Kyushu
Myotis macrodactylus Temminck, 1840 Japanese large-footed bat inhabits the area from Hokkaido to the Amami Islands
Myotis petax Hollister, 1912 eastern water bat inhabits Hokkaido
Myotis pruinosus Yoshiyuki, 1971 frosted Myotis endemic to Japan inhabits the area from Honshu to Kyushu
Myotis rufoniger Tomes, 1858 red and black Myotis formerly known as M. formosus inhabits Tsushima Island
Myotis yanbarensis Maeda & Matsumura, 1998 Yanbaru Myotis endemic to Japan inhabits the Amami Islands and Okinawa-jima
Murina hilgendorfi Peters, 1880 Hilgendorf's tube-nosed bat inhabits the area from Hokkaido to Kyushu 
Murina ryukyuana Maeda & Matsumura, 1998 Ryukyu tube-nosed bat endemic to Japan inhabits the Amami Islands and Okinawa-jima
Murina tenebrosa Yoshiyuki, 1970 gloomy tube-nosed bat endemic to Japan inhabits Tsuhima Island
Murina ussuriensis Ognev, 1913 Ussurian tube-nosed bat inhabits the area from Hokkaido to Kyushu 
Miniopteridae Miniopterus fuliginosus Hodgson, 1835 eastern bent-winged bat inhabits the area from Honshu to Kyushu
Miniopterus fuscus Bonhote, 1902 East-asian little bent-winged bat endemic to Japan inhabits the area from the Amami Islands to the Yayeyama Islands
Molossidae Tadarida insignis Blyth, 1861 Oriental free-tailed bat inhabits the area from Hokkaido to Kyushu 
Tadarida latouchei Thomas, 1920 Oriental little free-tailed bat was recorded from Kushinoerabu-jima and Amami-Oshima
 

iEXjmeans extinct by the Japanese Red List(Japanese RDB Categories) by MEJ(2014) http://www.biodic.go.jp/rdb/rdb_f.html<br>

 

Reference

The Wild Mammals of Japan Second edition<br>

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